A profile outline of a human head with various foods in place of a brain.

Back in 2007, Michael Pollan wrote an article for New York Times Magazine in which he summed up his take on food in seven words: “Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.” He had much more to say, but as often happens, the soundbite is what stuck in most people’s…


I’m fond of making fun of pop psychology. Mostly, it’s in good fun, and I respect the friends I have who find value in it. However, I’m also a fan of having justified beliefs about things, preferably based on good evidence. This is a bar that typically proves too high…


I recently found myself saying to a friend, “I literally can’t imagine a lower epistemic bar than ‘Don’t trust people who think the X-Files are real.’” …


Step 1: Make sure you’re actually having a disagreement.

Lots of people think they’re having disagreements when they’re not. For example, here are some things that, as stated, are not disagreements:

  • Person A: “Hiring decisions should consider diversity.” Person B: “Hiring decisions should consider qualifications.”
  • Person A: “Black lives matter!”…

Most of us aren’t epidemiologists, so we have to take the word of others for what to believe about the novel coronavirus, and COVID-19, the respiratory disease that it causes. And misinformation about it abounds.

This misinformation comes in several forms, including false remedies; conspiracy theories; memes that downplay or…

Kyle Whitaker

philosopher writing about disagreement, public discussion, trust, expertise, and (occasionally) politics and religion

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store